Learning Objective: To discuss the recommended inspection practices for Playgrounds after winter conditions.
The requirements/recommended practices for inspections of playgrounds follows CSA Z614 “Children’s Playspaces and Equipment Standards”. Compliance with this CSA standard will help to reduce injuries on playground equipment. This document will discuss the recommended practices for Playground Inspections before opening in the spring.
Design & Operation
All Playgrounds should be installed according to the most current CSA standard.
A “third party” detailed Playground Safety Audit should be in place on all equipment.
Standard impact protection, sand, pea gravel, wood chips, rubber, etc. should be maintained at all times.
Damaged equipment should be repaired or removed from play immediately to help prevent injury.
Spring Time Inspection
Have any changes taken place to the equipment over winter that could affect the integrity of the playground structures.
Is all playground equipment in good condition with no damage or missing pieces?
Is all impact protection materials maintained to appropriate depths to help minimize exposure to injury (Tilling or top up may be required after winter snow pack)?
Check to make sure all standing water is drained as quickly as possible or device cordoned off until such time as this water can be drained.
If needed, Cordon off equipment from use should repairs, standing water, or other damage be evident.
Is appropriate signage provided and visible alerting patrons to current conditions?
Regular Inspection/Maintenance Schedule
Daily/weekly: Visual inspection for broken glass, vandalism, animal droppings, damaged equipment, etc. Replenish or rake ground cover. This inspection should be conducted before students arrive in the morning (if a school) and can be performed by any staff member or a custodian. The inspection and any corrective action should be logged in a daily journal. (Appropriate maintenance department staff should be notified immediately if any concerns are noted. Have process in place, work order or communications system, documented inspections and follow up.)
Monthly:This is a more detailed inspection and must be recorded on an appropriate equipment checklist form. This inspection should be conducted by a certified inspector. Any maintenance or repairs noted on the checklist should be acted upon immediately, and recorded when completed.
Annually:This is a comprehensive audit of the playground site that should be conducted by a certified playground inspector. Contact your applicable department office or ourselves if needed. Annual Audits should be provided as per current CSA standards.
What do you specialize in and what are the best circumstances that clients/prospects should come to you for help?
I specialize in machinery & equipment appraisals across various industries including mining, power generation, pulp & paper, foundries and automotive to name a few. Clients should come to me if they need assistance with determining values for insurance placement, financing, purchase price allocations and expert witness testimony (I have been certified as an expert witness).
Please describe an interesting project you worked on recently.
I recently completed an appraisal of several large chemical plants that manufactured lubricant additives. The chemistry of the process was both interesting and functionally complex. I appreciate the opportunity to explore complicated and unique industries.
You have appraised facilities all over the world? What areas stand out?
• United Kingdom
• The Netherlands
• South Africa
What do you enjoy doing when you’re not working?
CrossFit, Motorcycle Trips, and spending time with my family. I am also a Volunteer Fire Fighter.
Suncorp Valuation’s Rick Dettmann was invited to speak on the Every-DayRisk Podcast.
Below, you can listen to the podcast in full.
In this episode there is an in-depth discussion with experts on the pros and cons of different types of property valuations and when to use them. Specifically, about property and equipment valuations. The hardening market has increased the importance of accuracy when creating these values, and our thoughts and conversations that we have on these values really have changed.
From New York City to Krakow to Montreal. From Vancouver to Los Angeles, to Windhoek. From Lima to Perth to Jakarta and all points in between. It has been a very challenging year (to say the least) and we have been very pleased to work with you, our valued clients, on appraisal and risk management engagements all over the world in 2020. We are truly blessed to be working with every single one of you! We want to wish you a very safe Holiday Season and wish you all good health and success in 2021.
In lieu of Christmas cards Suncorp Valuations is pleased to contribute to various local charities in each of our office locations.
Recently, we have been conferring with many clients and their accounting counsel on the potential for economic impairment and subsequent potential for write-downs as they wrestle with the day-to-day impacts of COVID-19. This is relevant to financial statements for the periods ending after December 31, 2019.
The implications for financial statements include not only the measurement of assets and liabilities but also disclosure and possibly an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. The implications, including the indirect effects from lower economic activity, should be considered by all entities, not just those in the territories most significantly affected. (1)
Here are some bullet points to consider:
Asset write-downs and impairments are a big focus. Impairments really put pressure on companies’ balance sheets. They occur in an environment in which the company is distressed, assets are being written down, and at a time when companies really need capital to sustain their operations. (2)
Whether you are operating under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) or Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), the relevant accounting associations are providing guidance that businesses should examine.
The ASPE bulletin provides guidance relative to Property, Plant and Equipment.
Impairment of Assets Other than Financial Instruments
The financial performance of entities may be significantly affected by COVID-19 and related government measures. This may raise impairment concerns for various assets held by an entity including property, plant and equipment, intangible assets, goodwill, investments in other entities, inventories and other assets.
These assets are tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. COVID-19 may raise questions, such as:
• Are some items of property, plant or equipment no longer in use due to COVID-19?
• Have certain operations of the business closed down, either temporarily or permanently?
• Is the useful life of any asset likely to be shortened as a result of COVID-19?
The above are examples of indicators of impairment and are not meant to be an exhaustive list. Advice from qualified professionals is essential in assessing the expected significance and duration of COVID-19 impacts and related government measures on the business unit, and when evaluating how quickly that business unit is expected to recover. A short-term reduction in cash flows followed by a rapid return might not be significant enough to be considered an indicator of impairment for some entities. For others, even a relatively short disruption due to COVID-19 may affect recoverability of carrying amounts of certain assets. An impairment loss might not be reversed if the fair value of the asset or group of assets subsequently increases in a future period. (3)
Under GAAP there is the use of a “triggering event” for restatement purposes. From a financial reporting perspective, the fair value of assets could come under pressure as the economic impact becomes more visible. Impairment testing is required whether in the case of a “triggering event”, as defined in ASC 350 – Intangibles –Goodwill and Other, and in ASC 360 – Plant, Property and Equipment. Triggering event-based impairment testing is an issue even for those who have made accounting elections whereby assets are being amortized rather than tested annually for impairment. (4)
As professional appraisers we are being asked to assist in the quantification of impairment for facilities all over the world. The American Society of Appraisers has offered previous guidance to allocating impairment losses to the value of assets.
If value in use for a single cash generating unit (CGU) is less than the sum of Depreciated Replacement Cost (based on physical and functional depreciation) of the assets comprising the CGU and the difference is recognized as asset impairment (economic obsolescence), the question then arises as to how to allocate these impairment losses among the assets comprising the CGU. IFRS does not include a directive concerning how impairment losses are to be allocated; it is an accounting policy decision taken by a company in consultation with its auditors working with the appraisers. Two opinions are prevalent: (1) losses can be allocated according to the relative value of each asset based on the sum of DRC value for all assets in the CGU: e.g. a single asset representing 15% of total DRC asset value would be allocated 15% of the total impairment loss, or (2) Identify the assets that are the main cause of the economic obsolescence and allocate losses mostly to those assets: e.g. if a certain piece of equipment has a capacity to operate at 100 hours per week but is only used 50 hours per week and all other assets are utilized at capacity, then the underutilized asset be allocated most of the loss. (5)
We would urge our clients to continue to confer with their accounting and appraisal counsel on the potential impairment and impact on their financial statements. This could have a cascade effect on your tax and equity positions.
In the world of professional valuation services we often hear the idiom that “you get what you pay for”. Usually the context behind this is “we offer three types of service”, namely:
Credible and Reliable;
But you can only pick two:
Credible and reliable and cheap will not be fast;
Credible and reliable and fast will not be cheap; or
Cheap and fast will not be credible and reliable.
At Suncorp Valuations we emphasize credible and reliable reporting that is completed on time and at a fair price, in accordance with our brand promise!
Those of you who use our services know that Suncorp always prepares and delivers a proposal which details our current understanding of the services to be conducted. We do this in order to establish the appraisal’s intended use, scope of service, our professional fee, and the required timing of our deliverables.
Recently, a new client to Suncorp advised us that they had obtained three independent proposals from suppliers who they thought were credible and reliable. In vetting these proposals, our client asked if we could help them better understand the variances between them and explain why our professional fee was the highest.
The first variance we identified was related to the “credible and reliable” premise:
Clearly two of the firms were proposing to utilize staff who had not obtained a designation from a recognized and regulated Appraisal Society. Each and every report that Suncorp Valuations prepares is reviewed and signed off on by one of our permanent, full-time appraisers, who have obtained an Accredited Senior Appraiser designation from one of the following recognized Appraisal Societies:
These designations have rigorous requirements with respect to formalized training and articling experience which must be adhered to before a Senior designation within each Society is granted.
The second variance we identified was related to the “on time” premise:
Our proposal was the only one that addressed the timing of the deliverables to align with the intended use of the report (i.e. to assist the insurance broker with the placement of property insurance). At Suncorp we want to be timely in our reporting to meet our client’s requirements; not fast, but appropriately timed!
The third variance we identified related to disclaimers within our competitor’s proposals:
These disclaimers limited the competitor’s liability in the event that their final cost estimates were not adequate to replace the property in the event of a significant loss.
Suncorp Valuations believes that by combining appropriate liability insurance along with proper appraisal accreditation, this affords our firm the ability to withstand scrutiny of our value conclusions. As a prudent company, having been in business for over 60 years , our professional fees need to reflect the cost of being able to provide both services. Accordingly, our professional fees are not always “the cheapest” option. We are happy to provide clients with a copy of our “Certificate of Insurance” which outlines the coverage we have in place to protect them, in the unlikely event that there is an error in our final cost estimate.
In selecting your valuation services provider, we encourage you to conduct an “apples to apples” comparison to ensure your interests are represented appropriately.
Be wary of companies that limit their liability to a multiple of the fees paid for the service, along with those who do not utilize staff members with Senior Appraiser designations from one of the above-noted recognized Appraisal Societies.
To sum things up, “cheap and fast” is not always the correct answer, and to quote a man who has a proven record of accomplishment in measuring risk: